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Why are women paid less than men? | The Economist

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The gender pay gap is not caused by women earning less than men for the same job. It is largely because women choose different careers and suffer a “motherhood penalty”’. Click here to subscribe to The Economist on YouTube: http://econ.st/2Bnu9E9 Women who work full-time, still earn 15% less than men. But that's not because they are paid less for the same jobs. It's because they're in different jobs. Women are in less senior jobs. In Britain, France and Germany, 80-90% of executive jobs are held by men. Women also tend to choose different occupations. In America over 80% of teachers, nurses, secretaries, and health workers are female and these jobs tend to be lower paid. Primary school teachers in the West earn nearly 20% less than the average graduate job. Nurses earn less than police officers. Cleaners less than caretakers. Women are as ambitious as men. They earn the majority of university degrees. In America, they now ask for promotions as often as men. But it's the price women pay for motherhood that holds them back. In Britain, 70% of mothers reduced their working hours or switched to a less demanding job compared with 11% of fathers. In Australia it's 56% of mothers and 19% of fathers, while in France 55% of mothers scaled back compared to 13% of fathers. When an American women goes back to work her salary is on average lower than it would have been if she hadn't had a child. The race for gender equality is far from over. As more children choose non-traditional careers and men do more childcare, fewer working women will be held back. Daily Watch: mind-stretching short films throughout the working week. For more from Economist Films visit: http://econ.st/2Bq9Q9n Check out The Economist’s full video catalogue: http://econ.st/20IehQk Like The Economist on Facebook: http://econ.st/2Bqvr16 Follow The Economist on Twitter: http://econ.st/2Bqvqdy Follow us on Instagram: http://econ.st/2BmFapk Follow us on LINE: http://econ.st/1WXkOo6 Follow us on Medium: http://econ.st/2BnC9VK
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Text Comments (1063)
NitroCrypt (2 days ago)
Noble Tarkan (4 days ago)
"Held Back" - what? Its a matter of choice and biology - "my body m choice" - to have a baby or not - knowing, knowing, that this will affect my career - particularly if I am unmarried... and the consequences are...
Shane Na (6 days ago)
But but the media told me evil white men aren't paying women.... how could the media lie to me?
Doug (8 days ago)
Answer: women are worth less than men. They are a liability to society.
swe c (8 days ago)
Woman get more paid if they dont have kids and work equal hours. Data shows.
Shook One (8 days ago)
I thought it was because of sexism and the patriarchy. Who would’ve known?? 🤷🏽‍♂️
Adalet91 (9 days ago)
because they suck in average minimum 15% more than men
DanTheDerpFish (13 days ago)
Is this a Woman who actually speaks the truth of gender wage gaps? WOW thats pretty rare
scifregizmoguy (14 days ago)
"The race for gender equality" No no no, you meant the race for *gender equity*
Buck Deniston (14 days ago)
If having children is such an unrewarding burden, why do women CHOOSE to have them?
rastapatch Mail (14 days ago)
Because they are lazy and incompetent, and too vain to work hard.
No surrender (14 days ago)
Short answer because they're not
Dr.Ehrfurchtgebietend (16 days ago)
TL:DR women are held back by their own choices
Dr.Ehrfurchtgebietend (16 days ago)
Race to gender equality infographic shows the woman in the lead at 1:48.
spacii (18 days ago)
there is no wage gap
Pegasus (20 days ago)
The same reason over 99.9 percent of our military. Casualties are men. It woman becuase life is unfair Men don't have an obligation to die for woman just becuase of a biological lottery . Woman are not pulling there weight in our military
xv12commander (22 days ago)
So... childrens are bad? I wonder what is gonna be of this world...
Mr Big (23 days ago)
The lazy bitches all work part time and live off of men and then have the temerity to blame men for earning less. If women got off their fat, self entitled asses, got useful degrees and did some actual work they would reach earnings parity with men.
Mason Chandler (24 days ago)
1000th comment
Mikey Mic (24 days ago)
The real potato Soup (25 days ago)
I love her voice it’s satisfying 😂
tom burgoyne (29 days ago)
They are not as it against the Law
Braden Young (29 days ago)
This is bullcrap
Layal Aziz (29 days ago)
ok but what about the men and women who have the same job but women get paid less??
Layal Aziz (17 days ago)
+afblaze94 exactly. some people work the same jobs and the same amount of hours and the same everything but get paid more. ever watched one day at a time? that one scene where the male nurse was getting paid more than the female nurse even though she did more work.
afblaze94 (19 days ago)
also, if women get paid less, don't you think it doesn't make sense for the boss to hire men? just hire women to fill every position for cheaper labor but equal result. I know I would do that but the reality is harsh. Most women just can't be as competitive as men
afblaze94 (19 days ago)
again you have to look deeper into your claim. do women work as many hours as men? do they work overtime? even when the job's name is the same, what about their workload and responsibilities? are both equal?
DJ DYLZY (30 days ago)
It is illegal to pay someone less based on their gender this video is bull and the working world is only about skill and education. Women are favored for getting everything all the jobs so women in fact get paid more because they have more jobs
spicywatermelon (30 days ago)
Not only do they go into lower paying fields but also women are more likely to take a vacation day and less likely to work overtime
OG Cryptic Ace15 (1 month ago)
I fucking love this
Sergio Aguirre (1 month ago)
#metoo = less logical reason to have women in the office as a major liability. Thank feminism for that ladies.
Adam H (1 month ago)
James Croucher (1 month ago)
Women pay for motherhood although they choose to have a child, it shouldn't hold them back from achieving their career goals unless they have like 10 pregnancies then that's just overpopulating the planet. Good analysis on the pay gap though, nice to see it's not feminists claiming they're oppressed and that they should get as much as men in a different job to men.
CS (1 month ago)
"As more children choose non-traditional careers... "
Alex's film-house (1 month ago)
wait, if men take over then you are just handing the problem over to men, but it is still there. O_o
Harshit Madan (1 month ago)
Women should stop having babies then. Climate change will be over. Pollution will be over. Wars will be over. Discrimination will be over. Humanity will be over. Peace on earth at last. If only women would stop having babies.
Nasser Khan (1 month ago)
They earn less because they deserve less............Have you seen the pace women work at in an office?....A sloth is quicker.
Ryan Cooper (1 month ago)
The title of this video is to trick feminists into learning a thing or two 😂😂😂
Ivo Lazarov (1 month ago)
Kind of disappointed by this... The statistics may be true but the conclusions drawn from them are shallow and without substance
Ali985 (1 month ago)
How so? They don't go into too much detail I agree but was not expecting them to in a 2 minute video. It is at least a bit more detailed than some arguments which just claim companies pay women less based on the raw data but without any research into why.
Cat-BOMB (1 month ago)
OH MY GOD! Thank you!
NO Nooo (1 month ago)
Let them fight then u will see how bad their plan will be when their own women will realise we have lied to As one even said on a sky news debate feminism is not about women but about power. Either confused or devious
Funny Bunny (1 month ago)
Well dam they said it not me
Lotus Consultations (1 month ago)
More men in child care?!!! Are you out of your fucking mind?!! They'll be fucking the kids and making money off or illegal porn!!! Men are UNFIT to take care of ANYONE. They are predators with NO COMPASSION and NO SELF CONTROL! Depopulate the males and THEN the woman will REALLY have a chance!
Lotus Consultations (1 month ago)
You can make 16 bucks an hour painting or hanging drywall.. because you're a man. But take care of the elderly as a CNA who had to spend thousands of dollars to become a CNA and you can get 10 bucks. Why???? Men desire to have sex with women who don't want them. They force women into poverty and prostitution always fallows. They give us no choice. And they like this. Its consensual rape. They'll never help us survive in anyway because they want that pussy and they don't want to marry anyone to get it.
NO Nooo (1 month ago)
Not all men and u can come up with bad facts about women being prostitutes but that is just some not all woman as i like to think there are some woman who are decent in this world
Flip Side (1 month ago)
Thank you finally one person regardless of if your dude or girl you finally realize that is because they work different jobs
humanman1 (1 month ago)
This actually makes sense, thought this would be some more feminist bullshit. Well done.
Grace Adetoro (1 month ago)
the work women do in raising children is severely undervalued, women get nothing for it.
tim venters (1 month ago)
My only grievance with all this is that due to social justice warriors will get their way and women will be paid more for doing less. Its alright to want all the cool jobs but like all rhe men before you be prepared to fight your way to thevtop.nothing handed to you on a silver platter.
Princess Emerald (1 month ago)
Hitting dislike. :)
-CakeRoll - (1 month ago)
Have you ever seen Burger King? They put women pay 2$ for a pink box with a bow.
Kim Il-sung ꧄ (1 month ago)
Why are women paid less than men? Because they work less than men.Why do you expect to get more or same than men when you don't work more than men?
ItzDANNYBoi (1 month ago)
They're not. End of discussion.
Gaz 995 (1 month ago)
Mens self worth comes from working. Good luck turning men into house husbands.
adam zarbon (1 month ago)
Women earn less (not paid less) than men due to many factors such as: working different jobs, positions, hours worked, overtime, and vacation time off. It has nothing to due with sexism nor discrimination.
John John (1 month ago)
You literally just said everything the video said... Read more
Djjdjdjfjjd (2 months ago)
That’s false wage gap
u/dipholder - (2 months ago)
Theyre not paid less they just dont do high paying jobs
CasinoR (2 months ago)
I would never hire a woman for an important position. They are a liability
Polo Dejesus (2 months ago)
To end this all because people might shit on men but all the money women don’t earn is given by all their insurance rental and house insurance and the main basis is less then men’s so yeah
harun razak (2 months ago)
Women earn nearly the same as men amongst workers who have never married and don't have any children any the age of 18.
Samatha Gonzalez (2 months ago)
This is so wrong. Women make 80 cents for every dollar men make. Regardless of whos working more hours women should get the same amount of money as men if they worked the same amount of hours doing the same job.
John John (1 month ago)
No, you're wrong. My evidence is common sense.
Palo Grande (2 months ago)
If women do the same job for less money, why do companies hire men to do the same job for more money?
John John (1 month ago)
No, women do the same job for the same amount of money
Giuliano Rivieri (2 months ago)
Men die more....
buzz (2 months ago)
Men should not marry, divorce is the time when women take all the cash, they are very deceiving.
Pitabas Bhoi (2 months ago)
I can't understand why you should not criminalise feminism.feminist wants privilege and are bunch of manhaters.
shane bailey (2 months ago)
men work more than women... single women has children... gets housed and bills paid from the taxes that men have worked more hours from... interestinggggggg
gooble69 (2 months ago)
This was all good until the last line. Most women aren't being 'held back' they are merely making choices that aren't primarily focused on money, which is absolutely fine.
Sigma Red (2 months ago)
So basically women earn less because they choose to.?
ferkemall (2 months ago)
Yes as long as we hav emore men as stay at home mums the women can go out and get equal pay ,fk it could be me but men just get up and go to work and do the work they dont get 6 months paid leave for getting stuffed and having a baby and thats the apex men cant have babies because they are the item that can be relied on to be at work every week !
Ali985 (1 month ago)
A lot of countries are actually moving away from that and allowing parents to split parental leave how they want to rather than just the women having it. The women will still be off for a bit of course but the difference should be less.
AntiScribe (3 months ago)
They are not
Jacob Madrajat (3 months ago)
Im Here Because of Issac Butterfield
sharpshiell (3 months ago)
fix (3 months ago)
Ok so if once women have kids they are lazy. Then why should we pay them equally. And the fact that women tends to choose lower paying jobs means they are not ambitious.
Sam Jones (3 months ago)
This is glorious
Greg (3 months ago)
So then why are feminists still complaining?!
And women are toxic and motherhood is nothing men do more in motherhood than women women only spread legs and child fuck and stalk children to survive and basically child is born a host women are not hosts child cannot benefit from women women do not pass anybodies and women are extremaly filthy they cannot create protective barrier for baby they degenerate everything
Well first of all women make less demanding jobs and work more and earn less women are less effieciant and basically useless when it comes to practise schools is for reading out loud and extremaly simple basically she makes herself live audiobook which is only application look at computer women basically are dumber than smartphone or tablet or computer and they like to learn people a lesson that development through abuse is good which is bullshit holding children in one space is like a lion holds prey women enjoy suffering of ther creatures that is why they like schooling and abuse secong hospitals is holy teresa syndrome keeping everybody in abuse this is what she likes she passes unknown chemicals into body and spreads viruses on everybody women hold viruses longer and reaction are slowed down and basically most women acts like they are high without being high and a lot of them is mentally ill they tend to have multiple personality disorder and thinks they think like she will not give by herself she will not give to anyone else pure acid nothing more
Dan Chaput (3 months ago)
Women arent held back. They make different choices with different rewards.
Benton Pickens (3 months ago)
OMG, THANK YOU!! I wish more people made videos explaining what is actually happening
danish saeed (3 months ago)
Why women are paid less than men, OR Are they?
Amadeus190890 (3 months ago)
Thank you for providing facts, something feminists have an allergy towards.
drgiorhodes (3 months ago)
Who wants to hear a story. Jim has a salary of £80k, Emily has a salary of £24k. Unfair, right? Jim works 37hrs as a GP. Emily works 20hrs as a cleaner. Is it still unfair?
Judgemental Man (3 months ago)
This isn't feminist propaganda!
th3kingx (3 months ago)
The ONLY reasons why a woman would ever be paid less than a man is because she has less hours, less experience, less education and a completely different job title and tasks. Ultimately if a woman has the same job title and duties as a man and their both on salary and not commission then they are paid equally. If a woman and a man have the same job but get paid from commission then the ONLY reason why a man would ever get paid more is because he busted his ass more made more sales. WAGE GAP = Urban Legend. A f*cking New England Patriots cheerleader isn’t going to get paid the same amount as Tom Brady, get f*cking real now.
MichaelSeidelin (3 months ago)
who are holding the women back? Maybe its their choice to scale back after they get children, some would argue that it is a privilege to have that opportune
Ohreally (3 months ago)
All those top female dominated jobs and university courses - let's kick women out and give special treatment to men - cash, support, preferential hiring, etc. - until the numbers are more 'equal'. All those terrible, dangerous, disgusting jobs that men do - let's kick men out and insist that every woman who demands 'equality' is assigned to one of those roles that involve, for example, clearing human waste or risking your life - until the numbers are more 'equal'. Hey feminists - why aren't you demanding this? Why are all your demands for special treatment, and never, ever for the 'bad bits' of real equality? Is it because feminism is cancer?
Nikita Webber (3 months ago)
Cause fish pants
Keven Harvey (3 months ago)
'Held back', as if what you earn in a year is representative as your value as a human being. You should be able to support yourself, anything beyond that depends entirely on what you value most in life.
Mr KMH (3 months ago)
The more men eat red pills the worser off women will be....
Gislaine Irankunda (3 months ago)
yes we are not equal
Alla Soiko (4 months ago)
In iceland pay is equal
Lckalibur or bogart (4 months ago)
They earn less because they suck at there job
Jonathan Lynch (4 months ago)
When you want to insult the competence of others, I suggest you get your grammar right. Otherwise, your insult circles back and sticks on you, like ironic boomerang poo. It is "their job," not "there job."
King Alfreds Shieldwall (4 months ago)
If they are paid less it's because they make different career choices, take time out for having children and also are less likely to put in longer hours. These are facts so put a sock in it feminist assholes.
HIIIPOWER 000 (4 months ago)
This is the effect of sexism ftom the past 100% but we should be looking at the rate of change is it still moving slowly we have a problem and see why
Xavier Smith (4 months ago)
Women are worse than men in every conceivable way except for the purposes of pleasing me sexually.
Fumontaindew2012 (4 months ago)
Why are women paid less than men? Because they suck at there job... end of story. Men work there asses off with critical thinking and hard-labor. Women just complain of their failure and blame men. fucking losers.
TAMA GOTCHI (4 months ago)
men rely on their jobs to survive. women can just marry off to a guy and live off the male's earning. If the role was switched around men will be looked down by society of both genders.
andrew (4 months ago)
Women aren't held back by motherhood. Being a mom is a hell of a lot more important than some rat race. your job doesn't love you back and it will not comfort you on your deathbed. No matter how impressive you are. You aren't irreplaceable. But a mother cannot be replaced.
WCephei77HD (4 months ago)
Not true, porn actresses get paid way better than porn actors.
Top One (4 months ago)
Bullshit stop these misogynist propaganda Women should be equal with men in the salary stop your misogyny against women
Vinci Vince (4 months ago)
I don’t think it’s just that females choose to be teachers and nurses, they are often encouraged or pushed to do that. Plus I think some people might think twice about a woman being qualified to work in construction, mines, tech, executive, pilot, and other male dominated jobs. I worked male dominated jobs and some people thought I was one of the clients not the employee. Plus women might face second guessing because people assume she might have a baby or might have children even though not all women have babies or children. Plus why should teachers make less. They do work outside the classroom like preparing lessons and grading and even after school plus they provide a valuable service which is educating our next generation so they become productive citizens and we have a robust workforce in the future. And I thought nurses do make good money so I’m confused about it stating officers make more. I know one nurse who was able to go on several trips and is a single mother. Another one owned a big house and had 4 children. Also I don’t see anything wrong with a woman having a baby. Having children have their benefits and I think it’s good that women spend more time with their children so that they can raise them good to become productive citizens with good morals and values. I do agree staying out of work would keep your earning potential the same or even decrease it depending on what field you work in. You would just have to accept it as a mother.
Kyle Rook (4 months ago)
There is no gender pay gap. There is a gender work gap and a gender spending gap. Women work less than men and woman spend more than men, way more.
simon b (4 months ago)
As simple as that
Myles Brown (4 months ago)
https://anchor.fm/myles-brown3/episodes/Biz-casual-eps-2-married-men-make-more--the-power-of-saving-e295j4 Please check out my podcast on why married men make the most out of every one and the power of saving.

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