In which John examines the complex and tangled question of the gender wage gap, and looks at some of the reasons why women who work full time are paid less than men who work full time.
The pay gap increases as workers age, and there is a pay gap across all education and experience levels and in almost all professions. Also, the pay gap is larger for women of color, across all education and experience levels: http://www.aauw.org/files/2015/02/The-Simple-Truth_Spring-2015.pdf
The size of the gender pay gap depends on how you calculate it, but discrimination is a big factor in the pay gap: http://blog.dol.gov/2012/06/07/myth-busting-the-pay-gap/ and http://www.jec.senate.gov/public/_cache/files/9118a9ef-0771-4777-9c1f-8232fe70a45c/compendium---sans-appendix.pdf
The gender wage gap for MBA graduates increases over time: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-10-20/the-real-cost-of-an-mba-is-different-for-men-and-women
Women's pay goes down on average relative to men once there are kids in a family; men's pay goes up. https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/five-myths-about-the-gender-pay-gap/2014/07/25/9e5cff34-fcd5-11e3-8176-f2c941cf35f1_story.html
A really interesting, nuanced interview with an economist who studies the gender pay gap: http://freakonomics.com/2016/01/07/the-true-story-of-the-gender-pay-gap-a-new-freakonomics-radio-podcast/
The wage gap won't close at this rate until 2056: http://www.iwpr.org/publications/pubs/the-gender-wage-gap-2012/
An analysis of the role race plays in the gender wage gap: http://www.aauw.org/research/the-simple-truth-about-the-gender-pay-gap/
The gender wage gap is 10 cents in New Zealand, and 37 cents in South Korea: http://www.oecd.org/gender/data/genderwagegap.htm
The exhaustive and at times exhausting wikipedia article about the gender wage gap: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gender_pay_gap_in_the_United_States
In the U.S. (and most countries), most unpaid work is done by women: http://www.oecd.org/gender/data/balancingpaidworkunpaidworkandleisure.htm
There's a pay gap among librarians, and male librarians are disproportionately likely to become directors: http://lj.libraryjournal.com/2014/07/careers/payday-lj-salary-survey-2014/#_ and http://www.ala.org/research/librarystaffstats/diversity/libdirectors
Great overall information (if a limited data set) from payscale: http://www.payscale.com/data-packages/gender-pay-gap/job-type
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Wanna win the gender pay gap debate quickly? Tell them this: Those calling for discrimination due to gender imply patriarchal forces in the work-place due to structures in our society. Well, what if we moved the sample-size of men and women from the system by studying the gender pay gap between man and women working as self-employed in the same sectors instead? Their salaries would thus only become a reflection of their productivity. Well, its been done, and the study (done in Germany) indicates that the gender pay gap ironically INCREASES once you factor out the so-called patriarchal forces of the work-environments (ie. study of genders working as independents/self-employed)
The people advocating for massive institutional discrimination which must by all necessary means be dealt with are simple SOCIAL MARXIST IDEOLOGUES. Its dangerous, and should not be at the forefront of Western politics as they are today. Post-modernism and the deconstruction of bloody EVERYTHING is cancer!
This makes it sound like men purposefully discriminate against women and minorities. It simply isn't true. We hire the best people for the job. Why are you trying to factor in non-work activites? I don't understand this? So if someone spends work outside the home caring for family then their job should pay them more for this? Why? it's totally unrelated? What if men spend more time at charity events...Should we receive credit for that? Nope. Totally irrelevant. Men place more emphasis on work and dedicate more time to it on a whole. Therefore...they are rewarded more at work for it. So what? It's not that complicated. Discrimination against mothers????? What? No. It's not discrimination. If they want to spend their waking hours as a mother that's great, why should a job reward them for being away from work? It would be discrimination these people were paid the same for LESS work, which is what happens normally when WOmen have children.
I agree their is a wage gap. But i believe a very small percent is actually discrimination. Also it makes sense an employer wouldn’t pay a mother as much as a man without kids, the mother has to take care of her kids and may ask for more time off, that costs the employer time and money he’d rather not deal with, its easier to higher someone without kids, male or female, that can work more and will be less likely to ask for leave.
No you're wrong: men do on average work more hours. You're right that there is a gender pay gap, but it's because of one simple thing: men on average work more hours. Why do men work more? One simple answer: maternity. Woman on average are more likely to stay home cause of children.
When you talked about the female lawyers who have children not getting as much job offers did you ever stop to think the reason why is because they have children. Meaning people who don't have children are more likely to work longer and be more readily available when needed. Because that might explain a lot about that certain statistic.
Yes i support gender gap... Why?
Because there are no perks given to male..
Society don't care about men.
Male don't get unconditional love.
Male work with focus.. They don't waste there time in painting their stupid nails..
Well a dollar is still a dollar.I can account for the wage gap.
To the women who want to close the wage gap,
1. Women need to try to push for jobs typically as a "men's field of work", including construction, engineering and technical industry jobs. These jobs are more dangerous, and tiring, but pay more.
2. Push your physical limits. Even if all employees make the same amount, working overtime can get you more money. It is tiring, but well worth it.
3. Be more assertive for a raise. If you feel you deserve a more reasonable wage, speak up. All peoples, female or male, should speak out when things are unreasonable. It does not pay keep silent in some cases.
i believe the discussion on wheter the gender wage gap exist is over. At this point, it is very clear it really does exist and is probematic. The discussion we should be having how to correctly solve it, which is a step ahead in the discussion.
Wrong again. Is yoga "unpaid work"? No, just like spending time with children; it's an activity many women *CHOOSE* to do.
The "unexplained" paid gap is not discrimination, that's why it's called "unexplained". One reason could be that women choose to not work extra hours, another is that they don't want to take positions with more responsibility, and another is that they tend to not push for higher salaries.
There are many possible expalanations, that 4%-8% isn't necessarily *ALL* discrimination.
Geez. So disappointed.
I love the stuffy sweaty locker room smell of agitated meninists in this comment section. Grow up boys, it’s time to leave that childish invertebrate shell. For the love of all that is good, don’t let yourselves become angry incels.
"Gender discrimination" is just a red herring from what is actually going on. It's a result of life choices and what generally men and women find more important to live fulfilled lives, the freer a society the vaster gender differences become.
As for things like "Men get supervisory roles easier" etc, that is down to many things, such as assertiveness, or commitment, some women (#notall) simply don't want to commit themselves to a higher responsibility in their work place because they have plans to start a family, or they already have a family and don't want to put themselves in a position where they may have to be more willing to do overtime etc.
Also what is the point of bringing up house work? Do you think people should get paid for that or something?
Female nurses aren't just getting paid less, they're working less hours, it comes across as disingenuous to present the statistics this way, it is illegal to under pay women for the same job as men and visa versa. So if you want prefect equality of outcome, you best start telling women to work more.
There are university studies that *prove* men work more hours than women and take less time off, which is why they get paid more. You can't just say "actually no they don't" and not provide any evidence to back up your claim.
Louder with crowder, milo , ben shapiro, and Jordan Peterson have debunked this idea numerous times. It's based on variables and women choose not to work like men. If most women took the opportunity to work like men, they wouldn't like it or could deal with it like men and they love having a balanced life with family, house, friends, and etc. Literally, most males in my family work 4x more hours than the females and earn more because they chose specific jobs they like and know the result of the quality of the job. Women don't typically take jobs in the higher paid careers. Women typically are in the arts or humanities or social study programs. Men are in the more dangerous jobs.
The few answers provided are glossed over and many are not even stated.
Men on average work 5-6 hours more then women a week.
Men are several times more likely to ask for a raise.
Men are more likely to work overtime.
Men are less likely to ask for time off.
Women make more between 20-30.
Women are forced to take months off because of the biological condition of being pregnant...something that's never going to change.
Proven fact - The hormonal changes after pregnancy effect women and can change the decisions they make. It literally changes people's brain chemistry.
The gender pay gap is a broad example. It includes fields with less then 5% women employees overall. Btw this isn't attacking those jobs and calling them sexist. Its shown women are less likely to pick up jobs in stem when given the option to do what they want. Women are far more likely to enter stem in countries where women have less rights. Also bringing up STEM...why is that always brought up? Why are plumbing/carpenters/electricians/welders and other fields just ignored? Literally no one is stopping women from entering these fields. Is it because women don't want to do them? Can only men do them? That sounds like some sexist thoughts right there.
That brings up my next point. Men and women are different. What they want to do, how they do it, etc. The human brain between genders is vastly different.
The only way to equal out the pay gap is to pay women more then men...even if they do less work overall.
God it must be a nightmare to be a CEO nowadays. It's even worse as most women would preferably work with men over other women and women in leadership roles will pick men over women.
At the end of the day there are so many variables that blaming everything on sexism is a cop out.
Would you be so kind to provide ANY prove of that omnious wage gap you are propagating? You haven't given a single one. All the sources you link below the video are pretty much directly contradicting what you are saying.
Because what you are missing is that most jobs give you different pay for job experience for example. Naturally, when there are children in the family, most of the time the woman either goes to Part-Time or stops working for a while. That's a while that any man will later have a direct advantage over. If they start at the same time, suddenly the man will always have a year more working experience.
And that is just one of many factors. Yes i know, just screeching about not beeing given free handouts is easier than doing any work, but if you had really tried to look up any of these things you are bringing up here you would have found that all of them have been debunked time and time again, or are straight made up. But that's not what you did, because you want to virtue signal all over the internet what a good cuk you are for believing every lie you are told.
It’s like he expects somebody to magically pay women for cooking food at home. Of course women who work less hours there going to get paid less it would be the same if a guy worked less then another guy.
feminism is cancer and no longer needed in today's world, it is LITERALLY ILLEGAL to pay women less than men since the 1960, and the other thing that most feminist are mad about, is the birth control thing, yes we do realize it's your body, but you're carrying someone else's body, just because it's a baby doesn't mean it is okay to KILL it, do you even realize that after week 12 the baby can actually feel the pain during abortion, oh and think about the most brutal way to do it, a suction procedure, literally insert it in the vaginal channel and suck it out, its head and body part literally burst to pieces detached starting with the head, not saying this is the only abortion procedure that is painful, all others are too.
Yet more anti indigenous nonsense in Britainahbad! This is about pushing white European women and ethnic men together (to procreate) by means of marginalising and empoverishing white European males......Courtesy of the Kalergi plan, the Barcelona declaration and the Merakesh declaration....
The mud generation commeth!
That a small part of the wage gap cannot be explained by other economic variables doesn't mean it is necessarilly due to discrimination. That affirmation is based solely on ideology, no cientific base whatsoever
I watched it. what I learned is that the variables are too large there should be a definitive answer. But The only definitive thing I have heard and read is that all the studies that claimed there was a real pay gap did not take into effect women wanting kids etc etc
that is a logical fallacy. 'working harder' is not a quantifiable attribute to study. men work more hours, but that fact is factored in for these studies. also, men working harder is not the only possibility to explain the gap, meaning just because that is your opinion, it is not 'literal proof'
My whole thing is we almost had a women president (if it wasn't for Russia we would have had one), we have women CEOs of multi-billion corporations. we have women senators and women in many more powerful positions. The point is that if you want it, the opportunity is out there. This is America, there is no law saying women have to be paid less.
We don't care about equal outcome. Uneven outcomes doesn't equal discrimination John. You shouldn't care about this, as if you wanted to close the pay gap, you wouldn't do it buy stopping sexism, you'd do it by encouraging women to join the workforce.
THE PAY GAP FOR THE SAME JOB IS THE SAME , THERE IS NO GAP , MEN JUST PUT MORE WORK IN , AND HAVE COMMISION BASED JOBS WHICH MEANS THE MORE YOU SELL THE MORE YOU EARN MAN OR WOMAN , MEN IN GENERAL ARE BETTER SELLERS !!!!
It is illegal to pay a woman less than a man for the exact same job, with the exact same education. Under the Equal Pay Act of 1963. Any woman that is payed less than men is able to win a lawsuit against the company which is in question, as long as you have proof.
Because feminism is about political power, exploiting both men and women. Feminists encourage women to go into low paying low value fields and get an "education" in low value degrees, in order to inflame the idea highly educated women cannot get good paying job. These women are purposefully lied to, with these feminists deceiving them their degrees are symbols of education.
Why do woman act like they are doing men a favor by having kids? If it’s such a burden, have the damn abortion. Otherwise until you raise my kids, you can open your own damn doors. And now you want to be paid for doing housework? Why wouldn’t I just hire a maid and just not get married?
The thing is girls take more time off to spend time with family and hell do the less harmful jobs but some girls do just not most so if anything there is no pay gap just girls like take more time off then men most of the time
It is indeed very complicated, and to say the wage gap doesn't exist, is almost like saying gravity doesn't exist. In the sense that we can't quite explain what gravity is, thus it doesn't exist?! The wage gap is a fact, and what this video explains very well, is that the arguing really is about the causes of it. It's a very nice video, and I agree on almost everything stated. However, as the nitpicker I am, I'd like to question some of the constants, presented as such, in this video. Is it me, or doesn't the claim that discrimination still is a broad factor in the wage gap, somewhat rely on a bottom line where men and women are the exact same thing? That on an individual level, men and women are indecipherable, in a broad psychological definition? This question isn't to justify the current system of valuating human beings, or to suggest that the current identity markers used in society to identify gender is inherently true, but to dig deeper into the causes of the wage gap. And thereby maybe be able to make a system where the feminine psychological trades are valued higher, and thus minimizing the wage gap? Also when it comes the unpaid work, like housekeeping, taking care of the children and maintaining the family, isn't choice also a factor here? I mean the level of maintenance? In my line of work, I can't just decide how many hours of work I'll do and expect to get paid accordingly. There's an expectation from my employer that the work I do, can be done within a certain timelimit, and the wage is very much related to that. In the area of unpaid work, I suggest that the expectations of what needs to be done, is arbitrary, and thus we also need to address these expectations, whether they come from society or the individual doing the work, if we are to identify causes and solving the problem manifested by the wage gap?
I agree on every point, when the definition of the wage gap is as you define it.
But how to talk about the scientific fact, that on a broad scale, women do earn less than men? What term to use?
I agree that the causes of why women, on a broad scale, earn less than men, is misinterpreted as being mainly caused by the shear fact that the individuals in question are women. I agree that women do not earn less than men because they're just that. Women. I agree that would be a false statement.
I was actually trying to point out, that a huge cause of the fact that women earn less than men in western culture, comes down to individual choice.
But I do believe, that individual income plays a vital role, when it comes to the individual's opportunities in life. And while I think modern society has come a long way, evening out the various obstacles an individual might face, due to their various biological differences, such as gender, race and so on, there's no reason to think we can't do even better?
But as the wage gap as a term, have lost its neutral definition, it is very hard to progress on the topic?
"In the sense that we can't quite explain what gravity is"
We know gravity exists and can explain it very well, in the same way we know the wage gap doesn't exist and can explain why very well.
The definition of "wage gap" is "women getting paid less men despite doing the same work". This is so clearly false, the only people who could possibly say so are either bald faced liars or the exceptionally ignorant.
Further, the earnings gap (the statistical fact the average woman earns less than the average man) is NOT a "problem" to be solved. Men and women are different. Only science deniers could possibly claim these differences are a problem to be solved. Only a science denier could possibly claim the difference between men and women do not affect the career decisions resulting in differences in income.
Why are you so sexist you think it's a problem women make different choices than men? Why do you hate women so much you want to coerce them into living lives identical to men's lives, despite the clear evidence women do NOT want this?
"Positive, empowered choices individual women make to work less"? Jesus, you can't acknowledge a woman's decision without feeling it necessary to make it sound heroic? What other context can you think of where someone get's applauded for working adequate jobs or less hours? I'm not saying you call them losers or anything, but notice no one is praising the kid who decides to be a janitor all his life or chooses only to work occasionally in the office because he has other desires.
I also don't understand how someone being debilitated should require compensation when it's something they choose to engage in. This isn't an accident or cerebral palsy, something that wasn't your fault, this is a decision to add another layer in your life that will require attention and inevitably keeps you from performing as you did before becoming a parent. It's selfish to insist on both, it's not a company's job to be considerate of your other dreams, as it's a business, and losing money, needless to say, is bad for business, especially when the terms of doing so are entirely voluntary and for personal gain at the expense of the company.
Oh jesus christ, never liked this guy but gave hime credit for being rather intelligent. So the fact that women have a choice of profession and choose ones of lower paying or have good paying jobs but work less due to family is still pushing the pay gap.
Dawkins nasty corpse the "PAY" Gap is a farce. Its all earnings from jobs that women have 100% choice in.
My problem is with those to use this differences in paid work versus unpaid work between men and women as justification for promoting redistributive governmental and institutional policies, when there is so much evidence that individuals' income is a result of their own preferences - particularly in some of the freest societies in the world. Although we do have many technologies (birth control) that allow us to partially transcend our biological differences, there is ample evidence that gender differences (particularly in the distributional tails of those bell curves) are a significant factor affecting unequal results in pay. Denial of this, and persecution of those who point it out (James Damore), is not productive.
Try to get going to the sources. Just try it. From what I've heard when you control for hours and profession etc. Its 2%. Not sure where he got the 4%. I tried to go to the sources. As far as the women are forced to do the house work etc. this is not the 50's. If a woman is forced to marry a man and have kids and locked in the house those are crimes. Women may be making some choices here. When women enter given fields in great numbers don't the wages go down because there's just more labor available. Women get paid less after having kids because that's when many women start working less. Then the dad's get a pay raise because those "greedy capitalists" actually have a human side. Men and women with degrees of the same level have an especially large gap because men go for STEM and women choose more humanities.
You know this world? This sad, doomed little world? It needs you. It needs every last Winchester it can get, and I will not let you die. I wont let any of you die. And I wont let you sacrifice yourselves, you mean too much to me! To everything! Yeah, you made a deal. You made a stupid deal, and I broke it. Youre welcome.
Castiel is an angel. He manifests on Earth inside his vessel, Jimmy Novak. He is the only angel that is shown to have been resurrected after having been killed, and he has been resurrected more than once.
Many angels laid siege to Hell to rescue Dean, but it was Castiel who ultimately pulled Dean out. According to Castiel, he did so "Because God commanded it." His hand print was burned into Deans left shoulder. Castiel is amongst a group of angels who manifest on Earth to stop the breaking of the the 66 Seals which will release Lucifer and start the Apocalypse. Over time he develops an empathy for the Winchesters, in particular Dean. When he learns that Michael actually intends for Lucifer to be released so he can kill him, Castiel tries to warn Dean, but is punished. Ultimately he breaks allegiance with Heaven to side with humanity.
With Lucifer free, and Castiel cut off from Heavens power, he decides to try and find the long absent God. When he learns God is not interested in intervening to stop the Apocalypse, he is devastated. He works to support the efforts of Sam, Dean and Bobby in stopping the battle between Michael and Lucifer.
After Sams sacrifice to defeat Lucifer, Castiel tries to rescue him from Lucifers Cage, but fails to retrieve Sams soul. In an attempt to prevent Raphael from restarting the Apocalypse, Castiel is tempted into an alliance with Crowley. The demon offers to help find Purgatory which can provide them both with great power. His efforts mean Castiel becomes increasingly distanced from the Winchesters as he hides his efforts from them, to the extent of breaking Sams mind in order to hinder their pursuit of him.
After taking in the souls of Purgatory, Castiel kills Raphael. He claims that he is no longer an angel, but the new "God." After smiting many people he considered to be doing evil in Gods name, he blacks out and loses control of his vessel, and his powers, to Leviathans possessing him. Conceding to Dean and Sams wishes, Castiel attempts to return all the souls and entities inside him to Purgatory.
After the souls leave Castiel, he apologizes to Dean, and pledges to find some way of redeeming himself. His plans are cut short when the Leviathans, who managed to hold on, take over his vessel. As the vessel rapidly deteriorates, the Leviathans march it into a reservoir, where it disappears beneath the water, releasing them.
Castiel is later found wandering naked in the woods near the water with no memory of who he is by Daphne Allen, who claims that God led her to him. She takes him home, he takes on the name Emmanuel Allen, and they marry. He discovers he has a gift for healing.
While searching for a way to help Sam, whose psychosis is killing him, Dean hears about Emmanuel from another hunter, and is shocked to discover it is Castiel. Castiel eventually regains his memories, and is horrified at what he did. He tries to heal Sam, but unable to do so, he chooses to take Sams madness into his own mind.