Is there a gender wage gap? Are women paid less than men to do the same work? Christina Hoff Sommers, Resident Scholar at the American Enterprise Institute, explains the data.
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If, for the same work, women make only 77 cents for every dollar a man makes, why don’t businesses hire only women? Wages are the biggest expense for most businesses. So, hiring only women would reduce costs by nearly a quarter – and that would go right to the bottom line. Don’t businesses want to be profitable? Or, are they just really bad at math?
Well, actually, it’s the feminists, celebrities and politicians spreading this wage gap myth who have the math problem.
The 77-cents-on-the-dollar statistic is calculated by dividing the median earnings of all women working full-time by the median earnings of all men working full-time. In other words, if the average income of all men is, say, 40,000 dollars a year, and the average annual income of all women is, say, 30,800 dollars, that would mean that women earn 77 cents for every dollar a man earns. 30,800 divided by 40,000 equals .77.
But these calculations don’t reveal a gender wage injustice because it doesn’t take into account occupation, position, education or hours worked per week.
Even a study by the American Association of University Women, a feminist organization, shows that the actual wage gap shrinks to only 6.6 cents when you factor in different choices men and women make. And the key word here is “choice.” The small wage gap that does exist has nothing to do with paying women less, let alone with sexism; it has to do with differences in individual career choices that men and women make.
In 2009, the U.S. Department of Labor released a paper that examined more than 50 peer-reviewed studies and concluded that the oft-cited 23 percent wage gap “may be almost entirely the result of individual choices being made by both male and female workers.” Well, let’s look at some of those choices.
Georgetown University compiled a list of the five best-paying college majors, and the percentage of men or women majoring in those fields:
Number 1 best-paying major: Petroleum Engineering: 87% male
Number 2: Pharmaceutical Sciences: 48% male
3: Mathematics and Computer Science: 67% male
4: Aerospace Engineering: 88% male
5: Chemical Engineering: 72% male
Notice that women out-represent men in only one of the five top-paying majors – by only a few percentage points.
Now consider the same study’s list of the five worst paying college majors:
Number 1: Counseling and Psychology: 74% female
Number 2: Early Childhood Education: 97% female
3: Theology and Religious Vocations: 66% male
4: Human Services and Community Organization: 81% female
5: Social Work: 88% female
Here, it’s the women who lead in all but one category. Even within the same profession, men and women make different career choices that impact how much money they make. Take nursing, where male nurses on the whole earn 18% more than female nurses. The reason? Male nurses gravitate to the best-paying nursing specialties, they work longer hours, and disproportionately find jobs in cities with the highest compensation.
For the complete script, visit https://www.prageru.com/videos/there-no-gender-wage-gap
I know I'm gonna sound like a complete idiot to all the people who believe this video. But you're just basing everything on a video that has no sources to what they're saying and people say that all the butthurt feminists disliked this. Let me just clarify I'm a male (Not trans, bi, gay or anything like that) before I'm gonna hear any excuse on why I'm wrong for being a feminist that wants more than just equality. One point that I see is not very believable is that it has to do with career choices. I'm pretty sure no matter the career choice a person makes there is always a man at that job that you can compare the money gap in (Unless we're talking about strippers those are separated). If they just based it on all women then yes of course the money amount would be less but It's not about the career choice It's about the money that a man and woman makes on the same job not on the career choice of both genders. Some countries the wage gap is almost not even there but I've had this explained by people who aren't females. Just say I'm making this shit up for all I care. I just want to get my statement across.
Joel Watson I literally watched the whole video but sure just ask me how I found out what they were talking about with career choice and the percentages in people who worked in different places. Also I might have not said this clearly so I'm sorry but I meant links. They are saying it they aren't showing that some real person actually wrote it. At least leave the links in the description to where they got the information. They could just say "Oh we got it here" with no actual evidence. Also lets say the sources are true. We're judging it on career choice cause apparently that's what we think is the wage gap. A girl with a job that is very well payed as well as a man working at the same job is not different. You can say that a man works harder than a woman but they didn't think one second about what if they worked the same they just said "Men take long night shifts and have better nurse specialties and find workplaces with higher compensation" while on the other hand they're not mentioning the girls working at the place with higher compensation, the girls who take long night shifts or the girls that gravitate to the best nursing specialties. They only talked about how men worked harder than woman and that apparently proves there is no wage gap but that's only on working skills they took no information on the places where woman worked just as good as men did and looked who got payed the most. If you didn't get it I will gladly explain it more simpler
There’s a gap but it isn’t because women are paid less due to their gender, it’s because they are expected to sacrifice their career for their children because of their gender. If more women had the support to work full time and men felt comfortable being the more full on parent (I don’t mean that dads are lazy or don’t care) we wouldn’t have women complaining about the pay gap and men complaining that the system is against them when it comes to children.
In my opinion, i think you made your title wrong. It should have been "women are not being paid less because they are women". There is a gap with male and female annual salaries. Is it unfair? No. There are many reasons women make less than men, and it has nothing to do with them being simply women. From being a women, yes.
Men are also way more likely to ask for a higher salary during negotiations than women because men generally take more risk in everything. That would also be the reason for the little wage gap for the same work. Its just retarded to say the wage gap exists because of sexist men.
So the case is that the entire concept of a gender wage-gap was established from a misinterpretation of a statistic regaring average salary of men and women? And some people came to the conclusion that this difference in (average) salary must be because of discrimination when it's really because of differences between how males and females think/choose? Men on average tend to go for the higher-paying jobs and work longer. Very interesting.
My wife earns more than me. Around 20-30% more (base plus comms) We’re both in sales. I work 10-25% more hours, with almost 10 years more experience. We sell software. She gets around 2-5 LinkedIn opportunities a day, from global software companies. Most of their briefings detail that they will only look at female candidates, often females under 35 years of age.
Its a real number... every country as a ratio of how much women make in comparison to women. The short answer is that it is a gap but its not a problem. Biggest driver is parental leave. Not a problem even women want to solve
That’s just a bunch of bull . I know of many women that works next to men , does the same job , works the same amount of hours as the men makes but makes less per hour . I also find it curious they have a woman narrating this video as if that makes what she says correct .
Still, I wonder if that choice is biased by gender expectation. I hope it is not affected by that and that it's just what people are passionate about and not because men and women are supposed to do certain jobs.
77cent for women it's just for her selft
100 cent for men is for him and his girlfriend
Have you date before oh feminist??? I think u never date before
Men often (if not always) share and pay the bill on a date. So, let's be fair 😂
The earnings gap calculation suffers from *survivor bias* . Men are more willing to take on responsibility and more demanding roles. Some of them do well from this, and others end up out of their depth and get fired. The ones who get fired aren't included in the average any more, but the ones who do well *are* included. This artificially skews the average towards men.
Here's the math;
Let's say we start with 100 men and 100 women, each on 35k per year.
The average salary is 35k a year for both men and women.
20 men and 5 women move to $40k roles.
3 women do well, 2 get fired.
12 men do well, 8 get fired. (Presuming same success rate between men and women)
Total number of women remaining in the sample = 98
Total women's salary 95 * $35k * 95, plus 3 * $40k = $3.445 million.
Average woman's salary = $35,153.06
Total number of men remaining in the sample = 92
Total men's salary 80 * $35k, plus 12 * $40k = $3,280 million.
Average man's salary = $35,652.17
So the average man's salary ends up $500 higher just from this one factor - *survivor bias*.
But business have started to hire only women.
Just last year almost 2/3rd of new hires were women, despite being less than half of the workforce population.
This trend has been worsening in recent years and shows no signs of reversing.
Why is everyone in this comments section so threatened by the "myth" of the wage gap? Even the video admits that there is around a 4-7% unexplainable wave gap. It's just a fact that women, on average, earn less...
As usual feminist want equality without responsibilities and want to earn more without working or less work. These days feminist don't even understand that man put more efforts to earn more, man doesn't sit in comfort zone, he take risk, he takes more pressure, sit long hours in work.
All that is said in the video is true and I am not saying companies are activly trying to under pay women. However I wonder why women choose to take a lesser payed degree or why they won't work at night. Could it be because of a different expectation that society has on what women ought to do, like raise children, have children, not do maths, earn less than their husbands? If it is the case wages may have a Link to sexism.
The video is great though.
How is this sexism?
You can be a mother if you want to or you can go work.
And the fact that women are expected to be the caretakers for the children and men are expected to be the workers is just normal if you think about the biological differences between men and women.
I would like to call myself a feminist. It’s not to say I want equal pay for all, I want equal value of life for all.
The ‘wage gap’ is as explained in the video, reliant on so many variables. I have most knowledge in Norwegian studies about this, where we have 87% of men’s pay. Mostly because of not willing to work long/graveyard shifts, pregnancies, prioritising family over ovetime, the difference in pay if you work for the private or official sector, and people under 35 tend to earn less than their peers, no matter the gender. There is still a big gap though. Taking the electricians in Norway as an example, with the same age, education, employer and work hours, there is still a gap of 6300kr (750USD) per month. Studies by Official Statistical Bureau of Norway. I am waiting for them to find the reasons for that.
I enjoyed the video and I'm not trying to be provocative but I have 2 sincere remarks/questions:
- Individual choices happen in a context. Saying that men are more able than women to work longer hours or be on call doesn't take into account power relationships or cultural backgrounds. Eg. I have a female friend who was offered a big promotion at he accountant's office. She almost didn't take it because it meant she wouldn't be able to be home for diner, and she was afraid her husband wouldn't be able to cook and take care of the kids (as it turned out, he wasn't, and she wakes up earlier every morning to cook dinner so that he just has to warm it up). In this case, if she had refused the job, I totally agree that it would be absurd to say that the company was sexist. But it seems as absurd to completely discard any type of sexism in the choices that some women make.
- How can we interpret the correlation between feminization of an occupation and lower wages? In Europe 50 years ago, most medical doctors and academics were male. Now it's shifting over and there are many more females in these occupations. At the same time, we notice that global wages (for both men and women) are in average 30% lower than what they used to be in those fields. Do you think it is merely a coincidence?
Yet then look at it by occupation...
Even in female occupated jobs, women are paid 90% of what men get at best. But keep saying that women should work more hours
Lucie Debaig For example, one of the jobs on there was nursing. There are many different types of nurses with varied payments. Another example on the list was a teacher. Just because they work in the same place doesn't mean they get paid the same. A teacher who teaches AP Trigonometry may have a different pay than a Home Economics teacher, because one is significantly more difficult than the other.
Borgen Lenderho yep, a table showing full time workers by occupation that you get if you scroll down doesn’t take into consideration the field of occupation, but still has a ton of separated yet similar jobs. Makes a lot of sense suuuuuuuure.
Lucie Debaig That study compared two completely different jobs with completely different skill levels. Just because they both require Bachelor's Degrees doesn't mean that they are the same level of difficulty. The study was published by a feminist organization that is completely biased. The table shown does not take in to account hours worked, years worked (over time, people get pay raises), or types of fields worked in each occupation. If you want to make a point, find an unbiased opinion on the matter, and read over the article more carefully.
Why are all of you so angry at feminists who protest like for one century or even less, whereas men were generally dominating for the rest of human history? There are exaggerations but some feminists might overreact to be heard by those sceptics and not because they want to exterminate men. Anti-feminists are as well over-happy to see this video as possible evidence that feminists are wrong.
She says, choices create the difference, not the wage gap. But aren't choices created by the gap in education? in the fact that women are often forced to work in less-paid sectors? that women more often take care of children and thus spend less time at work? this gap is not a myth!
Кamila Mushkina it's not just me who understands that the old standard of doing things is gone. It's universally known that women in America have the same opportunities as men. To say that is wrong is saying that employers are breaking the law.
Кamila Mushkina The old standard of women's and men's jobs has been long gone. Today, anyone can be anything in this country. Just because you had one boss that was wrong doesn't mean something isn't true.
+Borgen Lenderho yes, maybe they are not forced directly, but it's socially constructed so that more women become teachers and more men become IT specialists. When I was offered a student job, the guy who told me about it said that this position of an assistant is "a woman's job". And, even if women and men both work full time, who is more likely to sacrifice work time when a child's sick? If this is not taken into account in the study, it's not valid.
Fair enough! She didn't give any solution on how to close the gender gap.All what she said is it's ok if women make choices that pay them less.
Here is the solution how to close the gap.
This new OECD report focuses on how best to close these gender gaps under four broad headings: 1) Gender equality, social norms and public policies; and gender equality in 2) education; 3) employment and 4) entrepreneurship. Key policy messages are as follows:-Greater gender equality in educational attainment has a strong positive effect on economic growth;-Stereotyping needs to be addressed in educational choices at school from a young age. For example, adapt teaching strategies and material to increase engagement of boys in reading and of girls in maths and science; encourage more girls to follow science, engineering and maths courses in higher education and seek employment in these fields;-Good and affordable childcare is a key factor for better gender equality in employment. But change also has to happen at home as the bulk of housework and caring is left to women in many countries. Policy can support such change, for example, through parental leave policies that explicitly include fathers.-Support policies for women-owned enterprises need to target all existing firms, not just start-ups and small enterprises. Equal access to finance for male and female entrepreneurs needs to be assured.
If you're a feminist and you are spouting this women earn 77c for every man dollar argument you're either an idiot who doesn't know what they're talking about or you're not an idiot, you know the truth, and you still knowingly use these garbage statistics to manipulate people into your cause. I don't know which is worse. Either way as soon as someone mentions it I just check out.
A study conducted by AAUW in case anyone actually wants to do research and not have their opinion validated by pretty video designed for this university to gain attention through a controversial topic.
There is a factor you missed. The reduction of women's salary after the maternity leave. But I don't blame you at all since the United States is one of the very few countries where women don't need to receive by law a period without working when they have a son?
I thought I had to explain it to you
Not only does a wage gap exist, but it is engrained in our culture. Explaining them away as individual choices ignores cultural pressures and child development. One study I performed using multivariable calculations showed that the gender gap amongst college professors was non existant. However, simpler mathematics showed that higher paying universities hired more men than women and the higher paying colleges amongst those universities employed more men than women. Also, the states that payed higher wages to college professors tended to hire more men than women. This study took into account tenure, education, title, publications, age, etc... It was a small study, but it did show a significant wage gap according to gender.
+TheRealDeal IsHere According to state salary databases from three "blue" and three "red" states, and the university faculty rosters from the two largest public institutions in each of those states, and those faculty members cv's, you're statement is unfounded. Your welcome to do your own research, it's all public knowledge. BTW... "Blue states pay better and are more likely to hire men over women.
Andrew Williams Actually, bigger universities now choose more women in fear of being called sexist.......... Big companies too. Even though some of the people they hire have little expertise in the subject
The message is good and the information is correct, but the only reason I won't share it is that the statistics and numbers are displayed in such a biased,misleading way.
The numbers are convincing enough, no need to mislead using this display of the numbers
Took less than a minute to get facts wrong. The math isn’t ‘all men working full time vs all women working full time’, it compares within the same job. Prager is nothing more than political word play and drivel used to convince people their argument has support, y’all should be ashamed
You know this world? This sad, doomed little world? It needs you. It needs every last Winchester it can get, and I will not let you die. I wont let any of you die. And I wont let you sacrifice yourselves, you mean too much to me! To everything! Yeah, you made a deal. You made a stupid deal, and I broke it. Youre welcome.
Castiel is an angel. He manifests on Earth inside his vessel, Jimmy Novak. He is the only angel that is shown to have been resurrected after having been killed, and he has been resurrected more than once.
Many angels laid siege to Hell to rescue Dean, but it was Castiel who ultimately pulled Dean out. According to Castiel, he did so "Because God commanded it." His hand print was burned into Deans left shoulder. Castiel is amongst a group of angels who manifest on Earth to stop the breaking of the the 66 Seals which will release Lucifer and start the Apocalypse. Over time he develops an empathy for the Winchesters, in particular Dean. When he learns that Michael actually intends for Lucifer to be released so he can kill him, Castiel tries to warn Dean, but is punished. Ultimately he breaks allegiance with Heaven to side with humanity.
With Lucifer free, and Castiel cut off from Heavens power, he decides to try and find the long absent God. When he learns God is not interested in intervening to stop the Apocalypse, he is devastated. He works to support the efforts of Sam, Dean and Bobby in stopping the battle between Michael and Lucifer.
After Sams sacrifice to defeat Lucifer, Castiel tries to rescue him from Lucifers Cage, but fails to retrieve Sams soul. In an attempt to prevent Raphael from restarting the Apocalypse, Castiel is tempted into an alliance with Crowley. The demon offers to help find Purgatory which can provide them both with great power. His efforts mean Castiel becomes increasingly distanced from the Winchesters as he hides his efforts from them, to the extent of breaking Sams mind in order to hinder their pursuit of him.
After taking in the souls of Purgatory, Castiel kills Raphael. He claims that he is no longer an angel, but the new "God." After smiting many people he considered to be doing evil in Gods name, he blacks out and loses control of his vessel, and his powers, to Leviathans possessing him. Conceding to Dean and Sams wishes, Castiel attempts to return all the souls and entities inside him to Purgatory.
After the souls leave Castiel, he apologizes to Dean, and pledges to find some way of redeeming himself. His plans are cut short when the Leviathans, who managed to hold on, take over his vessel. As the vessel rapidly deteriorates, the Leviathans march it into a reservoir, where it disappears beneath the water, releasing them.
Castiel is later found wandering naked in the woods near the water with no memory of who he is by Daphne Allen, who claims that God led her to him. She takes him home, he takes on the name Emmanuel Allen, and they marry. He discovers he has a gift for healing.
While searching for a way to help Sam, whose psychosis is killing him, Dean hears about Emmanuel from another hunter, and is shocked to discover it is Castiel. Castiel eventually regains his memories, and is horrified at what he did. He tries to heal Sam, but unable to do so, he chooses to take Sams madness into his own mind.