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The Economics of Inequality- The Gender Pay Gap- Part 1

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Why do women make less money than men? Is the gender pay gap a myth? Are women being descriminated against since they only earn about 80% of what average men earn? These are great questions. In this video, I share four reasons that economists give that explain why women make less money than men.It turns out that it has a lot to do with their choices and preferences. I've included links to articles, studies, and the data below. Thanks for watching. Full and Part-time Work https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2015/time-spent-working-by-full-and-part-time-status-gender-and-location-in-2014.htm Gender Bias Study http://www.pnas.org/content/109/41/16474.full College Majors http://www.payscale.com/college-salary-report/majors-that-pay-you-back/bachelors Occupations by Gender https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2012/ted_20120501.htm Occupation Deaths https://www.bls.gov/iif/oshwc/cfoi/cfch0006.pdf Infographic http://www.payscale.com/gender-lifetime-earnings-gap Women and Negotiation http://www.womendontask.com/stats.html Flexible Schedules https://scholar.harvard.edu/files/goldin/files/goldin_aeapress_2014_1.pdf Macroeconomics Videos https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XnFv3d8qllI Microeconomics Videos https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=swnoF533C_c Watch Econmovies https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL1oDmcs0xTD9Aig5cP8_R1gzq-mQHgcAH Follow me on Twitter https://twitter.com/acdcleadership
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Text Comments (229)
Adam Nazifi (2 years ago)
Turned off my ad block, refreshed the video so that i could watch your ad for you to make money so women could complain more
Burrito& Beans (6 months ago)
FUCKING BLANKET STATEMENT DICK
Mourning Star (8 months ago)
@Zealous No, they're rapists
riverw007 (10 months ago)
Zealous Neil No, just the opposite really. They use the issue to cut women out of the pack get them to drop their guard and prey upon them. Male feminist is pretty close to a synonym for sex predator at this point. It's a very easy way to get into a woman's orbit.
Jordan Shepherd (1 year ago)
Yeah, it is. And when you insult people through blanket statements, they shut down and you lose any chance you had at educating them.
Adam Nazifi (1 year ago)
That ignorance is widespread and pushed thought out the world, I know there are females that dont give a crap about the pay gap, they might not be in the majority but their voices are loud
ARMY R US (12 days ago)
❗❗!PLEASE READ!❗❗ You cant compare a school teacher and a tech scientist they are going to make a different pay, because they are doing different jobs and work for completely different companies and sadly the demand for a tech scientist is larger than for shcool teachers so whether it is a man or women in either role... the tech scientist will make more money because their demand is higher. The gender inequality pay gap is about .....say two pizza delivery drivers one man one women and the man gets paid 1.75 and the women 99 cent (tips dont count because it is up to the buyer) for doing the same exact job and vice versa that is the income inequality gap. When the employer discriminates the workers from one another because of their gender and pays one higher then the other and one way lower than the other. In summary : 2 workers same job opposite genders one gets paid more than the other because of sex discrimination and one lower for the same reason. Get what im saying👍☺ hope you do
hedgehogs_ftw (1 month ago)
Correct, many career fields that women pursue are low paying, in part because "women's work" is undervalued. And it's hard to say that women "voluntarily" don't pursue or continue to build careers in STEM when there is SO MUCH systemic barriers for them. Trust me, I know. I'm a woman aerospace engineer. It's not easy. We have to work way harder to overcome those barriers and many of us leave because of it. Most women don't stay in STEM fields nearly as long as men due to discrimination and harassment. And yeah, raising children gets in the way too, because employers don't accommodate for parental care enough and women's careers often suffer due to societal expectations to take up primary childrearing duties. Also, employers are less likely to provide father's parental leave than maternal leave, which sort of forces women to pick up the slack. It may seem like no one is forcing us to do that, but you can't completely ignore the influence of societal expectations. So basically what I'm getting from this is that the pay gap does exist, just not in the way you think. All of the things you've described are systemic barriers to women making more, not "choices" that we've "entirely voluntarily made as individuals." The facts may be right but you're not seeing the big picture here.
Music Host (1 month ago)
Great video Clifford. Need more like this.
Marcel Booth (1 month ago)
Interesting how he has to put all the caveats in there and pictures of all the girls in his life… So he doesn’t get totally roasted for denying the feminist gospel
신ellie (2 months ago)
U need to approach why women "voluntarily" choose a less paid job. Is it really "voluntary"?. I graduated from women's high school. In the 2nd year of the school. we choose classes between literature, sociology-oriented class, and math,science-oriented class. what do you think? majority of women chose sociology class? no! almost half. even math class has more student. Then, why in the end, when they decide a major, they gave up math and science that leads to high income. because women know they can not survive with that jobs which are alredy male dominant. And parents and teachers recommended us to become a teacher or nurse. because they thought we can survive with those jobs which women would not be kicked out of those jobs when they get married or pregnant. Gender pay gap does not happen just because of biological interest difference. It is because of Strong human suppress weak human. Strong human already set a cartel among them n refrain weak human from joining in their space. Some men are barking against women. cause they think the gender gap issue is men vs women. but inequality issue could be poor vs rich, elderly vs young people. or on the racism, on disabled people. People are not just fighting for all the same. I saw a stupid comment saying why bus drivers from Greece and Africa get paid differently, OMG... we don't leave in a globally integrated communism society. Things we need to focus on is removing inequality on the opportunity. If a woman is smart enough as a man, she should have the same opportunity to become a leader. If a handicapped person has the ability like a non-handicapped person, he or she could have an opportunity for the same job. If a different color skin person could have the same skill, the person should not be prevented from joining in the company. So, I hope men realize it is not women vs men. U guys also could fall on any weak human group that is discriminated from the strong group. Please wake up!
Palo Grande (2 months ago)
If women earn less than men doing the same job, why do companies hire men and pay more?
Rocío Arias (2 months ago)
Ok a dad could be a lawyer and not want to work all this hours too
Devery Waples-Johnson (3 months ago)
i learned so much from this video thanks for helping me with my project😀
pongo and mila (3 months ago)
long story shot, I love you, man. I could use some hard facts like this to shut up some people i know.
Merna Fekry (3 months ago)
but that does not explain why there is a pay gap between a man and a woman doing the exact same job!! why does a male teacher earn more money than what a female teaches does? no one is saying why a female teacher gains less money than a male scientist!!
ARMY R US (12 days ago)
Exactly thank you jacob didnt cover this topic that well
Neha violet (4 months ago)
I'm a feminist and this is a seriously under rated video.
John Smith (4 months ago)
What family responsibilities??? Modern women don't handle responsibilities, they have privileges and MEN have that burden of responsibilities. I really love my workplace as it has no females, no drama, no feminazis... only meritocracy. Females should try meritocracy, it will teach them A LOT!
Ja Ja (5 months ago)
Men should make more money since they are the ones who almost always pick up the bill. Whether iit's a date, a gf or a wife men are almost always opening their wallet while the woman sits there as if she's entitled.
Princess Emerald (6 days ago)
Women pay more for healthcare and clothes. Can you carry an baby 9 mos. Push out a 9 lbs. baby? Stfu. Nurses and teachers matter, too! 😤
fuck the alt right (5 months ago)
hahahahaahahaha amen 😂
Ewan Rushmere (7 months ago)
Watch milo
Ewan Rushmere (7 months ago)
Yh actually that 20 percent less than men is not true
Keith Smith (7 months ago)
How about if a few women start businesses and pay their female employees whatever they want? Suggested research question: Do firms with women CEOs pay their female employees more than firms with male CEOa? If women get $.79 for the same job for which a men get $1.00 I’ll hire only women and, with lower labor costs, I’ll run the firms with male employees out of business. If many firms do that then the increased demand for female employees will cause their wages to rise.
Chris Martin (7 months ago)
This video is propaganda. Women, who are not in the top 10% or earners make more on average than men. Why? You may ask. Social services provided by the government stolen from men pay women way more on average. Women who take care of a family also make money, from their husband. Do you really think that all the money a man gives his wife doesn’t count? After adding these two factors, it becomes clear that on average, women make way more money for less work.
Chris Martin (7 months ago)
Women are more privileged than men. They are taken care of by society, family and friends their entire life. What happens to a women when she doesn’t work, she gets taken care of. What happens to a man, he becomes a homeless hermit. Gender inequality, thy name is feminism.
MrJohndl (8 months ago)
Women don't want to do men's jobs. They want pleasant, easy occupations that don't require working night shifts, outside, getting dirty etc. That's why they get paid less. I suggest listening to Professor Jordan Peterson on this topic.
ARMY R US (12 days ago)
And plz dont use stereotypes for both women and men thx btw plenty of women work "dirty" or third shift jobs. Plenty of men do the opposite. And both men and women can be evenly mixed in jobs.
ARMY R US (12 days ago)
Thats untrue theres no such thing as men's work or women's work There is just work.
tom (8 months ago)
Great job sir, all of the possibilitys of the cause none of the bullshit propaganda statistics. Yes it exists, but it's very very small
Joseph Cleath (9 months ago)
there is a girl in my math class who is a total bitch to the teacher and always screws around
Lucas Williams (9 months ago)
Your conflating wage gap with earnings. If a business owner could really pay a woman less than a man with the same qualitative value then women would be the only ones getting hired since they are "20%" cheaper input costs.
Middle America (9 months ago)
reason 1: women not only choose less paying college majors but when they choice the same field they still choose less paying degrees. the majority of brain surgeons are men and the majority of pediatricains are women. Both are doctors but guess which one gets paid more. not only that but pediatricains that work in a hospital get paid differently that ones that work at private clinics. it does not just stop and start with the degree. reason 2: it is not any companies responsibility to take care of your kids. no one starts up a company with the aim of taking care of your family. are you saying men don't have families and responsibilities? or that men get paid for their kids or responsibilities at home?? his second point makes no sense. reason 3: when does a company say that they are going to give raises for just the hell of it? you think they want to pay anyone more? women not negating for more money is not discrimination but the lack of girls doing their part. do all these women have no good men in their lives to help talk to them about how to handle this or do women not even care which is why we have a man talking about this instead of a woman? reason 4: why do companies even hire men if they can pay women less? it is also illegal to pay someone less based off of sex, race, national origin, genetic coding, religion, or age.(in other words, you can not discriminate someone from something they have no control over, the exception is religion) this guy is either a liar or an idiot. here is a video that better goes over this. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QcDrE5YvqTs
John R. McCommas (9 months ago)
The fella puts feeling over logic when he says "They both have good points". In fact they both don't have good points. He was right and she was wrong. No two ways about it. If two out of 100 who apply are women, its not the fault of the person doing the hiring he or she isn't hiring more women. If there are five slots open at best women will only get two of them and more realistically they probably won't get any unless they happen to be the best qualified.
John R. McCommas (9 months ago)
The people the feminazis really have a problem with is other women who put being mothers first. They hate them and it must drive them insane they can't say so. What is more even the narrator errors in that you can't make sweeping generalizations such as his claim that "in a lot of ways women are better than men". He is trying to be diplomatic perhaps but that contention is just as wrong as saying men are better than women. It all comes down to the individual in each and every case if he or she is more this or less that. For a better explanation about this much exploited issue, check out this video. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QcDrE5YvqTs
Commander Shepard (9 months ago)
THE ONLY POINT THAT IM AGAINST IS GENDER ROLES ARE NOT SOCIAL CONSTRUCTS. FEMALES ARE NATURAL CARE TAKERS AND THEY DO IT BETTER IN COMPARISON.
Marcel Booth (1 month ago)
They don’t do it better. I coparent my daughter and I’m better at some things and her mother is better at other things… And nothing to do with gender. Both parents can bring great things to the child. You just have to be caring and patient. Nothing to do with gender at all. Amazing how, as a primary care giver and a male, I draw from skills sets my mother had and also from my father… to give the best my child
Commander Shepard (9 months ago)
Bro ? It's called social media. I'm not your kid or pet that you will teach me how to talk. ?Every one can keep an opinion. Including you. But you can't tell people how to speak unless it's violating the guidelines of YouTube. Or it's insulting your race or gender.
Life Is Hella Strange Still there's no need to yell!
Commander Shepard (9 months ago)
I TOLD YOU NOT TO TOUCH IT! I'm a guy .
Life Is Hella Strange Theres no need to scream ma'am.
Luis S. (9 months ago)
That's what men charge women for letting them go first when the house is on fire or when there is a hostage situation and for choosing less demanding jobs that do not involve engineering and for paying them the movie tickets, etc. If women want the same salaries as men there should not exist any benefits for them.
ARMY R US (12 days ago)
What....?
Maxwell Klinger (10 months ago)
Given that a teenage boy was able to kill 17 people in a few minutes and an adult female shooter only managed to shoot herself and wound 4 in a near half hour....Doesn't that pretty much explain the wage gap?
Michael Archbold (10 months ago)
#applause
L4SERB0Y (10 months ago)
Why would women want to work more?... like really why would women want to spend less time with their kids? Whats so great about work if your partner is prepared to do it for you?
L4SERB0Y Unless her partner doeS nothing then yeah
riverw007 (10 months ago)
We can fix the pay gap easily. Chain women to their desks for 60 hours a week, beat them mercilessly until they go into STEM and sterilize them at birth.
Kaycee Jane (11 months ago)
I agree with everything he said but I have also heard stats saying that women earn less FOR THE SAME EXACT JOB which means not only is she making less than the guy who got a promoted over her, she is also getting less than the guy she is working alongside with. How much of that do you think is gender discrimination and whether its blatant. Also, like mentioned women take on more of the workload at home or with kids. How much of that is societal pressure and men taking things for granted as they are and how much is it women voluntarily choosing family over work and putting this pressure on themselves (altho obviously the two feed into each other)
A one legged man (11 months ago)
women are just better child carers. it's a biological fact. babies are meant be fed by mothers.
Marcel Booth (1 month ago)
That’s completely false. Any intelligent parent can give to a child. There are droves of studies on this. It’s only gender defined because people believe it is.
StarScout 37 (1 year ago)
The pay gap is a myth it doesn’t account for any other variables like overtime and asking for raises which men are statistically more likely to do
738polarbear (1 year ago)
95% of dangerous jobs are staffed by men and men die 12 times more than women at work .Not because they are more careless but they do harder more dangerous jobs .Why dont we talk about that shit?
Princess Emerald (6 days ago)
Nursing saves lives. Teachers raise a new generation. And who raised those males who grew into men? Women. Stfu. You don't push out a 9 lbs. baby.
KNOCEANMUSIC (9 months ago)
Because it doesn't suit the victim narrative many cling to.
the one (1 year ago)
so we can switch gender roles? so a company needs someone to put in long hours at office for a company breaking deal. who do you pick a man or a pregnant women? a woman is pregnant 9 mth out of 12 month year then gets 2 months leave after baby.. so one full month of hard work compared to 12 mths from a man.. a woman with no kids makes same per hour as a man ..
Jack liu (1 year ago)
Part 4 did they send the resumes to a variety of different places/jobs/occupations cuz I think women will get offered more in some areas and men will get offered more in some areas
Jay Cee (1 year ago)
There is an earning gap and not a wage gap. Also, on your #1 reason, equality of outcome is still unfair.
MixedReadings (1 year ago)
The CV part is directly related to your point about family and hours worked. A man who applies is more likely to work more hours for the company and less likely to take time off to raise a family. It’s not difficult to understand.
Justin Rife (1 year ago)
21 feminists watched this video
I. Ron Nick (1 year ago)
Good video. You explained it waay better than the vlogbrothers.
Barney Wobba (1 year ago)
Why should women be better represented in IT? If they don't want to do it, why should the state make them? All these things achieve is to push men out of jobs they want to do to artificially put women in. Gender quota systems in the workplace are not a way to make a happier or more productive society/workforce. You employ the best people for the job regardless of male or female. To do otherwise is retarding your businesses productivity. To say they would make better products by employing women is not true. If it was then they would.
Dave Cullins (1 year ago)
Selecting women rather than men as your co-workers just solely based on their gender - how is this not the definition of sexism?
Dave Cullins (1 year ago)
As a political scientist, you're told that we do not discuss whether something is right or wrong, but whether it's effective or not for what you're currently trying to do. There's no such thing as an inheriently "good" policy or an inheriently "bad" policy. It's only effective or not effective at what the politician in the beginning tried to accomplish with the given policy.
Marcel Booth (1 month ago)
Political scientists arent scientists
Dave Cullins (1 year ago)
You're a SCIENTIST. Scientists don't say whether gravity is good or evil, they just say that gravity simply exists, and then they proceed to tell you how it works.
TheRealSapster (1 year ago)
The Australian Publuc Service recently released a report called "Going blind to see clearly" (it can be found online). It found that blind shortlisting - removing all information from applications which identified race and gender - resulted in more men being invited to interviews. As a result, it discouraged blind recruitment because without it there was a clear bias toward women and especially indigenous women.
Tony Durrer (1 year ago)
Hey think if women made less would companies hire just women it’s like good ole child labor
Olly Paton (1 year ago)
It doesn’t exist
Daniel Robert Prieto (1 year ago)
Ask women about being sexually attracted to men who earn less than them and take care of kids
Helen Cr (1 year ago)
Yes women decide to have children but they never decide it alone. It is always a woman AND a man who decide TOGETHER to have children. It is not fair that women are the ones who are disadvantaged by that decision only because of their biological ability to bear the child. Women should not be regarded as a cost factor to a company because they become pregnant and take time off work for a certain period of time. In fact, especially in our western society where families become increasingly smaller women (and men!) should be encouraged to have children and the business world should adapt to families and not set barriers for women in terms of lower wages, inflexible working hours and getting the job in the first place!
MiLK SOP (1 year ago)
You're conflating "pay" with "earnings" in your introduction. Women aren't paid less, they EARN less. That's the "wage gap" in a nutshell.
bademoxy (25 days ago)
+Jacob Clifford "gap" infers "unfair outcomes". so if you work harder and smarter than me ,the more money you EARNED is "unfair" to stupid lazy me. basically , this is tension between the ideas of free market capitalism versus communism or conflict between rewarding competence or not rewarding it. virtually all 3rd wave Feminists take the Marxist position-that every worker is paid equally no matter the work done. we've SEEN how that worked out in the Soviet Union and early communist china .
bademoxy (25 days ago)
+Jacob Clifford LANGUAGE- WHAT do WORDS mean? how do YOU interpret words ,differentiating them from others words ,such as "equality" and "equality"? the language has been twisted to infer a narrative. here's an example: the word "gay".-it USED to mean happy. we all know it's application was reassigned to mean "homosexual male", but we REALLY should examine the political narrative behind them choosing the word for a positive emotion-implying that homosexuals are happy about a- their lifestyle(as in- CHOICE of) or b- their sexual identity(which is what they are born with/immutable ,i.e. NOT a choice-like in been born of a certain species). another word -originally used as a pejorative,but now adopted as a self identifier for gays and lesbians is "queer", this choice probably made as a rejection to the "gay" word implication that their sexual identities is a choice,because that community suffered persecution by early societies as it was assumed that homosexuals are born normal/straight people but who became perverse. my own position on homosexuals is humanist-i abhor cruel treatment of any living thing. i support the possibility that most homosexuals are born that way due to hormonal fetus development ,thus they should be treated with as much compassion as everyone else, although they shouldn't have special rights BECAUSE of their differences ,either , NOR are their differences a cause to celebrate or be proud of any more than say being a white straight men,for example.
Reeltime Productions (1 month ago)
That’s a really good way to put it man
MiLK SOP (1 year ago)
ACDCLeadership, It's a political talking point concocted in the late 70's. The "Earnings Gap" is real, but the "Wage Gap" is nonsense.
Jacob Clifford (1 year ago)
MiLK SOP Ok. So are you saying that the gap is real, a myth, or something in between?
Vanities (1 year ago)
I agreed with everything up until he made the assumption that adding women to tech creates diversity of thinking. Is Clifford actually saying that men all think alike and women all think alike so we must have gender diversity to diversify ideas??? HMM. Sounds a bit sexist...
Kreyan shunmugam (1 year ago)
This is a great video
Monika Matt (1 year ago)
Conclusion: if women would choose to stop acting like women and start acting like men, they'd equal to men. Can't they just get they shit together?
cartohead (1 year ago)
My sister earned an MBA and she is a lawyer. She is child-free and works like a demon. She publishes more than any lawyer in her office and commands all the high profile cases. She takes almost no vacation time and ordinarily is in the office on the weekends. She does not ask for a raise, she demands a raise! She earns more than every other lawyer in her firm (except for the two partners, one of whom is a woman). My sister earns TRUCK LOADS of money. I am a map designer and art director. I love my work, I have earned an international reputation for innovation in my profession. I am NEVER in the office past quitting time, and I use up all my vacation time every year. I make a very comfortable living, but it is about a 1/5 of my sister’s salary. Our parents taught us to never let anyone stand in our way, that no one had the power to write our scripts, we were in control of our lives, that we are not victims. Our parents taught us to celebrate our achievements and own our failures. We do not and complain about oppression and micro-aggressions. We both reject the victimhood fetish of intersectional feminists/SJWs where you whimper and moan and shrink at the mildest annoyances. In fact, if you were to call my sister a feminist, she would sue you into the next century.
Christopher Clarke (1 year ago)
The 20 cent U.S. wage gap, isn't true in all countries. What is the difference between Italy, New Zealand, and the U.S.? Those countries's gender wage gap is around 5 to 6 cents on the dollar. Aren't there policy differences?
Nel's Wolf (1 year ago)
We need more men in colleges
Ray Hoover (1 year ago)
Nice acdc belt
Rajat Roy (1 year ago)
Good work bro...
varodriguez73 (1 year ago)
Awesome job....I have a couple of daughters too and never thought I would get a little emotion out of a video addressing an economics topic. It's ok because I don't plan to be an economist in the long run :-)
Hyden (1 year ago)
I personally believe that women work less hours, choose lower paying jobs, choose worse decisions in education, and have worse jobb experience. But I don't believe this is because women are naturally bad or something, I think it's because society has certain expectations for women, e.g. someone who takes maternity leave is going to make less than someone who doesn't and in society women are expected to be the ones who care for children. So it's less employers being sexist and more society being sexist and 'nudging' women in certain directions.
Sahara Desert Biscuit (1 year ago)
You can blame society for personal decisions
Sahara Desert Biscuit (1 year ago)
Hyden no it not.
Andrew Gazelka (1 year ago)
Very interesting video. It is amazing how much more one can learn from an 8-minute video than hours of meaningless discussion. I loved how you did not cherry-pick facts. A side note: where do you get your information from? Googling "Gender Pay Gap" yields extremely biased results which only contain data to support that person's cause.
Plot something (1 year ago)
Question, how do you expect to change who takes care of children if man can't produce breast milk?
Marcel Booth (1 month ago)
As a man who co parents his daughter in divorce, and had to spend $60,000 for that privilege in court… I will say that it can be sorted out after the breastmilk phase is over.
Trey A (4 months ago)
Also, there are wildly different recovery periods for women after pushing a human being out of their bodies which could account for them getting “stuck” with the kids.
AMV KINGDOM mv (6 months ago)
Some women cant produce milk lol also babies will need cloths and real food after a while
KNOCEANMUSIC (9 months ago)
And it is wildly inferior to the real deal.
Flikt (1 year ago)
I love you
Bogdan Gourskii (1 year ago)
There is no gender vage gap. There are lazy people and shitty excuses.
For Why (1 year ago)
Thanks dude you just helped me do a presentation on the gender pay gap myth!
Jonathan Ashton (1 year ago)
The reason that there aren't that many women in STEM industries is the same reason that there are minimal men in the beautician industry... because they don't find that industry appealing??!
Princess Emerald (6 days ago)
I agree. But, female dominated careers are automatically lower paying, because it's seen as less important. Teachers matter. Why are they paid 55,000, but engineers are paid 70,000? Why are nurses paid 45,000, but respiratory therapists paid 57,000? Us women support men. Without us, see how far you can go.
Bailey (1 year ago)
People wanting "equal pay" don't want equality, they want equity
Nmachukwu Eze (1 year ago)
Women go after the less paying jobs
raphaelol (1 year ago)
I don't understand why so many people watching this video assume that Clifford supports the idea that the gender pay gap is a myth. He clearly said (and provided evidence) that gender discrimination STILL contributes to the wage gap between men and women.
T Bartworth (1 year ago)
He made it clear that the $0.80 is a myth...that the gender pay gap as explained by liberals, feminists, etc... is a myth. He basically said that it comes down to individuals with bias that account for about a $0.04 pay gap. I'd agree with him that it is something that still needs to be addressed...but repeated the same lies about it, again and again, does not help solve the problem...it hurts...because those that would participate in a solution want nothing to do with a solving a problem that is mostly a fabrication
blownspeakersss (1 year ago)
"STEM" fields are not all good for jobs; it's very problematic to lump all the STEMs together. Science majors, for example, are often just as bad as the humanities for employment. And, by the way, to further your point, the only social science major that does have strong job prospects/salary potential is, wait for it, economics! Which, by the way, is also the only male-dominated social science major.
Two identicle CV's one small difference- bulshit - the company just offered these people salaries without attending an interview? lol
U should judge ppl based on the individual u shouldn't just higher a woman because u think she'll have a different opinion on things just because she's a woman.
HAguayo (1 year ago)
You should go into politics. We need smart people like you
Xeroon (1 year ago)
That was the cutest ending to your video! You're so supportive of your kids!!!
Greg Teel (1 year ago)
Great video. I really love how you have been discussing current issues from an economist's perspective. It gives me a reason to continue watching your vids, even though I have completed my economics courses in college. Keep up the good work!
USpatriot741776 (2 years ago)
Where did you get the 4% figure?
gustavo porto (2 years ago)
As a economy major student all the way from Brazil, I get really inspired by your job!! Hope I can learn and not only be a good professional but a good person, just like you! You rock! Thanks!
MyFunZone (2 years ago)
Yet another awesome video!! Keep up the good work Mr. Clifford, your videos are helping me learn a lot! :)
Bruno TheBear (2 years ago)
Women are recruited more and make more than men in some fields. In some cases this is a result of fewer women available for those positions and the political correctness of wanting to be seen as being forward on the gender inequality front. You can easily find the many resources. Further, Jennifer and John get different offers because of all the factors you site, not for bias. Truth be told, if you could offer 13% less to women many companies would cut their overhead by only hiring women. The male unemployment rate would double. Women in that study get lower offers because Jennifer will statistically take more time off (both for personal time and medical time off), she projects the likelihood of maternity leave in the future, she will most likely work fewer hours than John, and Jennifer is more likely to need to be replaced because of leaving the workforce than John. What about my bias? I am a stay at home dad, because my wife was offered about 30% more that I was.
Dan Adjudeanu (2 years ago)
looking at how many kids he has made me realize why mr Clifford wanted a job that allows him to work at home
Jacob Clifford (2 years ago)
And, yes, I have a lot of kids. Probably too many :)
Jacob Clifford (2 years ago)
I wish I did work at home. I still teach high school
N Siev (2 years ago)
This is perfectly unbiased. Great video
Great video, but you forgot to mention that all women are lazy and prefer to sit at home watching soap operas and eating chocolate bon-bons.
Jacob Clifford (2 years ago)
Some YouTube comments are productive. Some are funny. That was neither.
Landon Klemme (2 years ago)
Nice explanation, keep up the great work!
Avram Dman (2 years ago)
The quality of your videos are getting better, keep up the good work.
StackingtoMars (2 years ago)
you must work at a private school
Marcel Booth (1 month ago)
I went to York, you are in the snake den when it comes to Fourth wave feminism. Isn’t the land of free speech! Maybe you should post all the ladies you support in your life as a caveat before asking a question? It seems to work for the poster of the video!
StackingtoMars (2 years ago)
because i attend York University in Toronto, I am studying towards a BA in economics. They avoid the entire argument of maternal leave, and leaving to raise the family, and most importantly woman tend to avoid executive position jobs or c-suite positions and blame men as the problem. One time i commented to my prof "in a capitalist society if woman get paid less than men, why do men even have jobs if the goal of the capitalist society is to own the production of means with by using the cheapest labour available...he made me out to be some misogynist or something in front of the entire lecture. Anyways my Gf is in Psychology at the same school and gender equality is one of her courses everything you said and rebutted is their argument they teach us. That is why i asked if you teach in a private school. Thanks for your vids by the way!
Jacob Clifford (2 years ago)
Why do you think that?
eualadindeal (2 years ago)
I am sad to inform you that... the part with better profits for diverse companies... is another myth so far they have lower profits... and that is just the preliminary data actually, just like the wage gap narrative this too is a feminist narrative that was created without proper data they just look at couple of high profile teams that already worked for top ranking profitable business and concluded that diversity helped them in fact the newest data suggest a drop in profits ranging from 3-5% for the more diverse teams compared with the economy average apparently they either hired diverse but unskilled people just to check the diversity quota.... or the in-group diversity caused frictions that eventually lead to performance loss and the data is fresh another data from Norway goes as far as 7-8% loss of profit for the most diverse companies... and Sweden lags behind at 15-21% loss of profit maybe that will be the subject of another of your future videos? and please also check the "gender paradox" issue... the more egalitarian the society, the less women in STEM fields... a great Norwegian show is on YouTube and talks a lot about nature vs nurture... and it was so shocking that it manage to shut down the "gender studies research group" in Norway (even if some claim it was due to budgetary reasons)
eualadindeal (2 years ago)
oh and also... there is a persistent myth that women have more family responsibilities therefore they cannot compete on the same level as men at work the reality is that we don't know what is first... if you have a less demanding and less income producing job... is it not reasonable to take care of the household more? I mean... if you choose gender studies, and your job is a blog... and your husband works full time... is kind of weird to say that your house keeping work is keeping you from promoting and earning as much as your husband? in the end... what is first? the women's house responsibilities or her time availability? and we seriously suggest the better payed person to get more time off to do house chores, therefore depriving the entire family of his/her extra income? again... that's another false myth that you can make a video about
Janet Shearer (2 years ago)
My friend who shared this video, which is very informative, said that you ask for suggestions for content. What information do you have to share on the economics of single-parent (by plan and/or by divorce or death) vs. married-parent households?
Dexter Deng (2 years ago)
"In the US, there's not really a formal or institutional bias against women, but there's clearly an unspoken, and even unconscious bias that keeps women from getting certain jobs and earning higher incomes." I wonder what is the difference here between "institutional" and "unconscious" bias and how do you know that's the case?
Jackson Green (2 years ago)
As always, a great job Mr. Clifford!
Joey Scott (2 years ago)
Thanks for being level-headed... like an economist:-)
Darrell Huang (2 years ago)
Does anyone know where he found the stat that women make over 96% of what men make?
Josh Mau (2 years ago)
The only thing he left out was his obvious hatred of women! s/
Kaiman JIG (1 year ago)
Josh Mau and who? This isn't the pronoun game.
Kaiman JIG (1 year ago)
Josh Mau what? How?
Tanu Malode (2 years ago)
You're amazing! I'm so telling my economics teacher about your channel he will be ecstatic. He also tries to make lessons interesting like your videos :) Thank you :D
Dana K (2 years ago)
I appreciate you taking such a well researched and balanced approach to this subject :)
Chris (2 years ago)
Woman need to learn the difference between normative and positive economics rather than make every fission based on emotion
Jacob Clifford (2 years ago)
And men need to learn the difference between productive YouTube comments and derogatory ones that promote gender stereotypes.
Bernardo Rico (2 years ago)
This should be shown to every single liberal and third wave feminist who still think that employers pay women less for the same job.
Harry Christofi (2 years ago)
It also has to do with Income Inequality in our country which must be addressed if we're being honest.
K Collier (2 years ago)
1:50.... educate the masses about the wage gap & set yourself up to receive some Nookie at home #2birds
Adam Hero (2 years ago)
Please make this a series. It's so darn interesting
Alan Chan (2 years ago)
I have learned much from you Mr. Clifford and this is a well thought out and heroic clip. Nonetheless, I just hope you won't get skinned alive because of this by those who think your narrative constitutes something-ism. Also, I wonder if that mandatory notion of "marrying up" may contribute to factor number two?

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